Cryotherapy is the use of extremely cold temperatures during a medical procedure. This type of therapy is often used to destroy abnormal cells and prevent the spread of certain types of infection, especially the HPV virus. In fact, cryotherapy is a game-changer in removing genital warts caused by HPV. Previous treatment, including acid and topical medications, were a hassle and largely ineffective. Cryotherapy, however, offers a quick and simple fix. It can also be used to eliminate certain types of lesions that may appear within the vagina and on the labia. This type of therapy is very precise and only a specific area is targeted. This eliminates the chance of damaging surrounding tissues that may not be affected by the infection.
Cryotherapy has been proven effective at treating cervical dysplasia and other types of conditions that involve lesions or abnormal cell and tissue growth. If a patient has precancerous cells, the doctor may choose to perform a LEEP or conization procedure in an attempt to excise the healthy tissue around the lesion. It can be used almost anywhere on the body, including the vagina, labia, and other genital organs. The procedure can be performed in a short period of time, with minimal side effects. It is also effective when used against genital warts. Because of the precision in which the procedure is performed, there is minimal damage to tissues surrounding the affected area.
Cryotherapy offers a faster healing time than most other procedures. It is minimally invasive because it only targets the area that is affected by the abnormal cells, tumors, or lesions. Cryotherapy also poses minimal risk of infection. The freezing temperatures seal the tissues near the abnormal cells to protect them from the spread of the virus or infection. This closes any open wound that may result from the procedure and creates an environment that helps to hasten the healing process. For cryotherapy of the vulva and labia, the patient may feel a slight sense of discomfort but there are rarely any reports of severe pain after the procedure. For Cryotherapy of the cervix, the patient can expect 1-2 days of cramping and 4-5 weeks of discharge from the vagina.