Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow in the wall of the uterus, either as a single tumor, or a cluster. Sizes vary widely, and in rare cases can become as large as a grapefruit. Fibroids are quite common, especially among women in their 40s and early 50s.
Many women experience no symptoms at all, while for others symptoms can be debilitating, including pain and heavy menstrual bleeding, and pressure on the bladder that causes frequent urination. Most concerning for many women is that fact that fibroids can cause infertility by changing the shape of the cervix. In addition, fibroids that become large during pregnancy can lead to a miscarriage
The location of fibroids is the greatest factor in determining the severity of symptoms. Fibroids are also classified by their location in the uterus. These are:
If there are no symptoms, treatment is unnecessary. If a woman is close to menopause a "wait and watch” approach may be advised. Otherwise, the first line of treatment is likely medication to correct menstrual irregularities and alleviate pain. If symptoms persist treatment may entail:
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