IUDs provide convenient and effective birth control for many women. At Marina OB/GYN, located in Marina Del Rey, California, Dr. Lipeles has provided safe, in-office IUD insertion for women throughout Marina Del Rey, Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, Venice, Westchester, El Segundo, Playa Vista, Culver City and the greater South Bay area.
An IUD (intrauterine device) is a tiny T-shaped device that is implanted in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. IUDs provide birth control by preventing eggs from adhering to the walls of the uterus. Once an IUD is implanted, it can remain in place from 3 to 10 years, depending on the type used. When removed, another simple office procedure, most women’s fertility returns to normal a few weeks. Many women favor this form of birth control because it is 99% effective and doesn’t require any thought on a daily basis or every time they have sex.
What are the different types of IUDs?
There are two types of IUDs:
Hormone IUDs release small amounts of progestin, the same hormone used in many birth control pills. Three brands of hormonal IUDs are available: Mirena®, Skyla™, and Liletta®. They work by preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickening mucus in the cervix to keep sperm from reaching the uterus and traveling to an ovary to meet an egg.
Copper IUDs can be a great option for women who, for any reason, do not want to use a hormone method of contraception. A copper IUD is actually made of plastic but wrapped in a thin copper wire. The cooper’s ions prevent sperm movement and, therefore, pregnancy.
How is an IUD implanted?
Implantation of an IUD is a simple in-office procedure. It begins just like a pelvic exam, using a speculum to gently widen the vaginal canal. The IUD is then inserted into the uterus through the cervix in a procedure within a matter of minutes. Some women may experience cramping or mild discomfort while the IUD is being inserted into the uterus, and a local anesthetic can be injected to numb the cervix if desired to prevent discomfort.